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Search Results for: Redness

2 years ago

Answer for eye-sore-and-redness-is-it-a-sign-of-retinal-detachment

First of all, you cant just conclude it as retinal detachment just on the basis of symptoms like sore eye and redness. The symptoms of retinal detachment include blurred vision, inability to see in dim light, partial loss of vision, seeing flashes of light, seeing spots, sensitivity to light, temporary loss of vision in one eye, tunnel vision, or vision loss and redness in eye. You should consult an ophthalmologist to get your eyes properly examined and treated.

2 years ago

Answer for eye-sore-and-redness-is-it-a-sign-of-retinal-detachment

Flashing lights and the other symptoms mentioned by you indicate serious eye condition which can cause blindness and are the indicator of problem with retina. You should visit an ophthalmologist at the earliest and get your eye examined thoroughly and start the treatment.

2 years ago

Answer for eye-sore-and-redness-is-it-a-sign-of-retinal-detachment

Flashing lights and the other symptoms mentioned by you indicate serious eye condition which can cause blindness and are the indicator of problem with retina. You should visit an ophthalmologist at the earliest and get your eye examined thoroughly and start the treatment.

2 years ago

eye-sore-and-redness-is-it-a-sign-of-retinal-detachment

Hi. I suffered retinal detachment years ago in the left side of my left eye and had laser surgery done. Earlier today the left side of my left eye got sore (both inside and outside the eye) and red. Also it\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\’s a very little itchy – more like a discomfort that makes me want to scratch it. It also hurts when I blink, the pain seems to be spreading to the rest of the left side of my face and I also have an increasing headache. It\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\’s rare but somedays I see flashing lights again at the left side of my left eye, where the pain and the redness currently are located. However the lights disappear quickly – it\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\’s been more than two weeks I don\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\’t see any. Can the pain and redness possibly be related to a new retinal detachment? If not, what do you suggest it is?

9 months ago

Rheumatology issue

Hello Dr
I am writing this query regarding my mother. She is 64 years old. She is suffering from a pain starting from her leg (below the waist portion ) till her knees since last 4 years. We have consulted orthropaedic doctor, who after perfoming several x rays etc concluded that it is nothing major, resulted from some past injury and is a case of spondylitis. He gave some exercises an asked us to do Rheumatoid Factor Test.
To our utte surprise, the RA test result came out to be 600, with a negative Anti ccnp. ESR is 30.
She has no form of joint pain, redness, swallow or joint deformation.
but offlate her ankle and feet is getting swollen at times. The old pain is though persisting.
The doctor has given HCQS 200 (one tablet twice ) ,which will be increased gradually along with e cod plus. He asked to report after 3 months again.
We are concerned and want to know whether this is the prescribed course of treatment? Is HCQS having any side effect? Is it a lifetime medicine? Does RA being auto immune disease affect other vital organs as well.
She has no b.p., suger, thyroid etc as of now. she suffers from fatigue though.
Thanks

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How Climate Change Could Affect Your Pregnancy ?

Climate change threatens human health which may include mental health, access to clean and fresh air, pure water for drinking purposes, nutritious food and shelter.

Some people are affected more by climate change than others because of several factors which may include the place where they live, their age, health, income, and also occupation and how they live their day to day life.

Climate Change can affect Your Pregnancy

Climate change threatens the health of pregnant women and increases health risks for the newborn baby, such as:

• The low weight of the baby after birth. If a baby weighs less than 5.5 pounds at birth, then he may suffer from health problems later in life.

Premature birth– Air pollutants can cause respiration problems in pregnant women which may also lead to low birth weight or premature birth.

According to Dr. Sabrina McCormick who is a climate expert and also a associate professor at George Washington University’s Milken Institutes School of Public Health. In a study, she found that heat extremes are causing more deaths among all health-related fatalities combined, and are especially dangerous to one particularly vulnerable group-pregnant women, and their foetuses. 

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Things that affect most to a Pregnant Women

Out of various pollutants, air pollutants affect pregnant women the most. Air pollutants cause respiratory illness in pregnant women which affects the weight of the baby at birth or premature birth. Changing climate can increase the amount of pollution, dust and smoke content in the air. As a result, pregnant women suffer from dehydration and kidney failure(in the most extreme case). Dehydration can be really dangerous for the baby if it occurs in early pregnancy. It can affect a baby’s growth and later can also cause premature birth. Greenhouse gases trap energy in the atmosphere and act like a blanket surrounding the Earth. There are various reasons for making the climate warmer. Burning of fossil fuels for generating increases the number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which makes the climate warm.

climate change, pregnancy, climate change effect, medical help, pregnancy help

Climate change affects our whole lifestyle including the food which we eat, the air, and also the water which we drink. It is not only the responsibility of the pregnant women to take care of the baby but her family should also be alert in such conditions. They should conduct proper checks with the doctor and also apply the preventive measures suggested by the doctors. Extreme weather changes can cause floods, hurricanes etc which also increases health risks for the pregnant women. Diseases like diarrhoea are most common in such cases, which leads to birth outcomes such as the low weight of a baby at birth. Along with Physical conditions various mental health, stress and other issues also gets associated due to climate changes.

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However, to limit or control Climate change impacts during pregnancy you can visit your local health department which will provide you with detailed information about cooling centres, disaster preparedness, and preventive measures you need to take during the pregnancy period to avoid any kind of harm to the baby and other issues of concern to you. Talk to your doctor about any contaminants you think you may have come in contact with or may be at risk of encountering, and any additional concern(if any).

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney Stones

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney stones or kidney stones are created of concrete or aggregations of crystals of dissolved minerals in the kidneys in urine formed. Kidney stones are a typical trigger of blood in the urine and often severe discomfort in the abdomen, flanks, or groin. Renal colic with nausea and vomiting related to Read More

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Kidney cancer

 Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer kidney cancer is an illness of the kidneys, the organs commence curly reddish brown about the size of a small fist, over and above the waist on both sides spine. Kidney cancer is identified in cells of the kidney. They are closer to the back of the body, as Read More

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cysts on the sex glands

 Therapy compared to a cysts on the sex glands should always be ready for application of biological methods

Therapy about a sexual gland cysts should usually be ready to use organic techniques Write-up Therapy Cysts on the sex glands may be straightforward or too intense in terms of size and condition of the cysts. These sorts of the tumor are not an imminent danger to life once a lady, but huge cysts and sorts of Read More

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stress silent killer

Stress Silent Killer

    Causes of Stress Stress Effects on a human body What Experts Say About Stress       How to Overcome From Stress   Easy and simple way to overcome from Stress / Depression  

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what is OCD?

What is OCD?

What is OCD?? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years. The Read More

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How to burp a Baby

How to burp a Baby? Tips & technique | A Guide to Burping a Baby

Have you ever noticed your little baby getting crabby and irritable just after or during their feedings? If yes, then it is very likely that the baby has taken in some air along with the milk which is bothering him/her. To tackle these sensitive matters, this blog would provide you with certain simple burping tips, Read More

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menstruation cycle

Ignorance About Menstruation cycle Puts Women’s Health at Risk

Menstruation or period is the condition in women in which blood and tissue from the uterus come out of the vagina. Menstruation cycle usually happens every month in girls and women. The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones like estrogen and progesterone. See: Why Do you Ovulate? According to a study, more than 800 million women Read More

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climate change, pregnancy, climate change effect, medical help, pregnancy help

How Climate Change Could Affect Your Pregnancy ?

Climate change threatens human health which may include mental health, access to clean and fresh air, pure water for drinking purposes, nutritious food and shelter. Some people are affected more by climate change than others because of several factors which may include the place where they live, their age, health, income, and also occupation and Read More

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adultery, adultery impact, what is adultery, health tips, life hacks, health, life tips, relations

What is Adultery? How it affects our Life!

The term adultery refers to a voluntary extramarital sexual intercourse between two persons who are not married to each other. It may either take place between a married man and someone else’s wife or between a married woman and someone else’s husband, with mutual consents between the two. Whatever the case be, it is considered Read More

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lasik, lasik eye surgery, cost, procedure, side effects, price, benefits, eye treatment

LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure, Side Effects and Cost 

LASIK, a type of laser eye surgery, stands for “Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis”. This surgery of LASIK is used to improve and repair the problems of vision. It can address the problems of people who are suffering from refractive error difficulties like farsightedness (hyperopia), short-sightedness (myopia), and/or astigmatism. LASIK engages a surgical process to remove the Read More

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2 years ago Health , healthy , Home Remedies , Skin Care

Treat Rosacea using Coconut Oil: How to treat Rosacea?

Rosacea is an inflammatory skin disease, a chronic condition of the skin whose causes are yet to be identified. It affects the face of a person, majorly the forehead, cheeks, chin or nose and causes redness in those affected areas. Bumps filled with pus, eye irritation or swellings may be felt in the skin. The symptoms of rosacea can be seen easily on the face.

Rosacea generally starts with a small rash or redness on some part of the face but soon spreads over the face making the case more intense. In most of the cases, they are like painful pus-filled bumps of red colour. Rosacea is a very common though a chronic skin condition. It affects around 0.5 to 10% of the population. The root cause of rosacea is still not known.

Using coconut oil is one of the best home remedies available today to treat rosacea. Coconut oils are extracted from the fresh coconuts and contain fatty acids. They contain high amounts of antioxidants and are rich in the moisture content. These oils have several unique properties that actually make it one of the best treatments for rosacea.

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rosacea, rosacea treatment, health, skin care

Benefits of using Coconut Oil to Treat Rosacea:

  • Coconut oils have anti-inflammatory properties
  • They are beneficial in healing the wounds
  • They help in repairing the skin barrier
  • The acidic and the fatty property of coconut oil helps in soothing the irritated skin
  • It is beneficial in treating the swellings
  • They have antioxidant qualities

Rosacea treatment, Rosacea symptoms, treat Rosacea, Rosacea care, skin problem, skin care

How to Use coconut oil to Treat Rosacea?

  • Avoid using coconut oil for treatment if you find that you are allergic to it. You can do a small patch test on your arm to test your skin for this.
  • You would need to apply coconut oil fully on your face overall, therefore do test for the allergic.

  • Continue taking the prescribed medications as well, if any.

  • Prefer to opt for cold-pressed or virgin coconut oils available in grocery or medical stores/pharmacy, to safeguard that you use lesser chemicals or additives on your face through this product. Such products are also available online.

  • Apply the treatment evenly on your face throughout, while paying some special attention to the rosacea-affected parts.

  • Coconut oils are generally very safe to be applied on your face and even around your eyes.

  • At any point of time if you find or feel that the condition of Rosacea is getting worse then it is recommended that you immediately discontinue this treatment and consult your doctor or dermatologist for advice.

Coconut oils are considered a safe and tested treatment for Rosacea. In most of the cases, they calm down the redness and heat in your skin and gives it a soothing effect. Medical science today does not have any guaranteed permanent cure for rosacea, however, use of coconut oils helps in minimizing the symptoms to a very large extent. Coconut oils are completely natural and they are rich in vitamin E and antioxidants. Coconut oils can be applied daily also to keep the symptoms away.

cancer

Cancer: Signs and Symptoms

Cancer is the uncontrolled division of cells of the affected area thereby destroying the adjoining tissues. As the disease grows, this pushes the nearby organs, blood vessels and nerves which makes the symptom appear. This may cause unusual pain. Pancreatic cancer might obstruct the bile duct, thus causing the jaundice. Some common symptoms include: Extreme Read More

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weed addiction treatment

Weed addiction

Over the decade the consumption of weed ( marijuana ) dried , leaves flowers , steams and seed of the Cannabis sativa has increased . It is the most commonly used drugs and its use is increasing rapidly .   REASONS OF WEED CONSUMPTION To fit in , being rebellious as a teenager is the Read More

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Mindfulness by Mindauthor

How Mindfulness can change your Life?

Mindfulness is the art of living in the present moment. Many of us go through life on autopilot. We focus too much on our thoughts and this can cause unhappiness. By living in the present we realise that a lot of our stress and anxiety is unnecessary. Mindfulness is our ability to pay attention to Read More

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resolve too Emotional and Sensitive Nature

Too Emotional and Sensitive – Post, Discuss and Resolve

Often very delicate individuals are over and over again seen as feeble or broken. In any case being sensitive or emotional isn’t a side effect of shortcoming, it is normal for a really alive and sympathetic individual. It isn’t the delicate individual who is broken, it is society’s understanding that has turned out to be Read More

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Meniere’s disease and Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is sometimes associated with a condition called Meniere’s disease which is a disorder of the flow of fluids of the inner ear. This is also called as ‘idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops.’ What causes a Meniere’s disease is unknown; it probably results from an abnormality in the way fluid of the inner ear is regulated. Read More

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2 years ago Health , Medical

Everything You Need to Know About Migraine

A migraine is a severe, painful headache that can be preceded or accompanied by sensory warning signs such as flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms and legs, nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light and sound.

The excruciating pain that migraine brings can last for hours or even days. Migraine is a common problem affecting 36 million Americans, about 12% of the population.

What are Migraine Headaches?

The exact cause of migraine headaches is unknown; it is thought to be due to abnormal brain activity causing a temporary alteration in the nerve signals, chemicals and blood flow in the brain.

Migraine headaches can be very debilitating affecting 1 in 4 households in India. They are more common in women than men, and 3% of people have chronic migraines where they experience symptoms for half the month for six months.

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What triggers Migraine Headaches?

Some people who suffer from migraines can clearly identify triggers or factors that cause the headaches, but many cannot. Potential migraine triggers include:

  • Allergies and allergic reactions
  • Bright lights, loud noises, flickering lights, smoky rooms, temperature changes, strong smells and certain odours or perfumes
  • Physical or emotional stress, tension, anxietydepression, excitement
  • Physical triggers such as tiredness, jet lag, exercise
  • Changes in sleep patterns or irregular sleep
  • Smoking or exposure to smoke
  • Skipping meals or fasting causing low blood sugar
  • Dehydration
  • Alcohol
  • Hormonal triggers such as menstrual cycle fluctuations, birth control pills, menopause
  • Tension headaches
  • Foods containing tyramine (red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and some beans), monosodium glutamate (MSG), or nitrates (like bacon, hot dogs and salami)
  • Other foods such as chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, avocado, banana, citrus, onions, dairy products and fermented or pickled foods
  • Medication such as sleeping tablets, the contraceptive pill, hormone replacement therapy.

Symptoms of Migraines

Symptoms of a migraine can occur a while before a headache, immediately before a headache, during a headache and after a headache. Although not all migraines are the same, typical symptoms include:

  • Moderate to severe pain, usually confined to one side of the head during an attack, but can occur on either side of the head
  • The pain is usually a severe, throbbing, pulsing pain
  • Increasing pain during physical activity
  • Inability to perform regular activities due to pain
  • Feeling sick and physically being sick
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound, relieved by lying quietly in a darkened room
  • Some people experience other symptoms such as sweating, temperature changes, tummy ache and diarrhoea

Migraine headaches can be severe, debilitating, and uncomfortable. Many treatment options are available, so be patient finding the one or combination that’s best for you. Keep Track of your headaches and symptoms in order to identify migraine triggers. Knowing how to prevent migraines can often be the first step to managing them.

Read: Is Headache During Sex Normal?

skin care ingredients- Free Doctor Helpline

seven recommended anti aging skin care ingredients

seven recommended anti aging skin care ingredients We realize that giving your skin the correct fixings it needs is vitally important. Doing as such means your skin can be radiant, seem more youthful and smoother, and you’ll see less scarce differences in addition to decreased wrinkles and profound lines. Keeping in mind the end goal Read More

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sexual problems, sexual health, sex problems in men

Common Sexual Problems in Men | Symptoms & Treatment

In a country like India w,e have very low awareness in some necessary aspects of life. While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty), it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Fortunately, most cases of sexual dysfunction are treatable, Read More

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HIV-AIDS Vaccine discovered in Kenya

HIV-AIDS Vaccine discovered in Kenya by Prof. Thumbi Ndung’u

The HIV-AIDS vaccination discovery made the world a better place to live in. The vaccination was discovered discovered by Prof. Thumbi Ndung’u, the

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High Cholesterol, health, tips, cholesterol

Bad Effects of High Cholesterol

BAD EFFECTS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL: High blood cholesterol is a condition when the cholesterol exceeds the normal limit. Yes, the body needs it but as all the other things, in limits!  It is a type of fat in the blood that the body needs to function normally. Cholesterol is used as a building block for many Read More

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10 HEALTH AND FOOD HABITS WE SHOULD START FROM TODAY

A healthy lifestyle and healthy life is nothing but the outcome of religious follow up of the health and food habits. If you are aiming for a healthy life and healthy living, don’t worry it is not a far-fetched unattainable dream. It is actually very easy and to show you how and to testify the Read More

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2 years ago Health , healthy

Swine Influenza| Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by the viruses that particularly infect the respiratory tract of the pigs. It results in nasal secretions, dry cough, decreased appetite and the list goes endlessly! The symptoms of swine flu in pigs are very much similar to those caused by human flu in humans. In most cases, humans developed swine flu infections when they were closely related with pigs. The disease is spread among pigs through direct or indirect contact, and also from pigs that are infected but do not show symptoms. To prevent pigs from this contagious diseases, pigs worldwide are vaccinated.

Is swine flu contagious?

The swine influenza virus usually comes from HINI type. The other types include H1N2, H3N1, H3N2. It is important that the virus is a combination of flu genes from birds, human flu & swine.

There is a common misconception that swine flu is developed from eating cooked pork products. This is definitely not! It is spread through either ingestion or inhalation of droplets through sneezing or coughing from people who have already been victims of swine flu. The newest swine influenza that has caused swine flu is the A H2N3v. In this “v” means the variant which means originally it infected only pigs but now it has begun to infect even humans.

The incubation period for swine flu is normally 1 to 4 days with the average being 2 days. In some cases. The incubation period may last for 7 days in both adults and children. The contagious period begins one day ahead before symptoms arise in the individual and usually lasts for 6 to 7 days. In people with weak immune systems, the contagious period may last even longer for 10 to 14 days.

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SYMPTOMS OF SWINE FLU:

The symptoms of swine flu are similar to other influenza infections. It includes:

These symptoms last for about a week or even longer if the person suffers severe infection. The methods of managing these symptoms are similar to the regular flu. Give your body a sound sleep and good rest this enables the immune system to fight against the viruses. Hydrate yourself every now and then. Drink plenty of water, soups and other juices that can provide a lot of nutrients to your body.

A vaccination has been invented to fight swine flu. Originally, it was treated as pandemic diseases. Now, it has changed to seasonal flu. People above 10 years of age require only one shot of this vaccination. Adults & children with egg allergy & severe asthma may have an adverse reaction to this vaccination. There are special medical treatments to help you cope with the reactions of this vaccination.

DIAGNOSE & TREATMENT:

There are a variety of viruses that cause swine flu. A diagnose may be done by taking a sample from your body. A sample is taken by swabbing your nose or throat. This swab is further treated by various genetic & laboratory techniques. Mostly swine flu is diagnosed by noting a series of symptoms.

Most people with swine flu recover soon even without the aid of medications. In very rare& severe cases, they may have to go in for medications. The 2 main treatments are adamantanes and medications that inhibit the influenza neuraminidase protein. The two antiviral drugs recommended for treating swine flu are oseltamivir & Zanamivir. The viruses can develop resistance to these drugs so these are usually referred to people who are at high complications and are unable to fight the disease on their own. Other people who are healthy and are still suffering from swine flu are capable of fighting the viruses on their own.

RISK FACTORS:

Some people are at increased risk of being affected by swine flu. It includes:

  • Adults above 65 years of age  
  • children below 5 years of age
  • People with chronic disease
  • Pregnant women
  • People with weakened immune system
  • Teens receiving long-term aspirin therapy

PREVENTING SWINE FLU:

One best way to prevent swine flu is to take the yearly vaccination. Apart from this, there is some measure which we can adapt to keep ourselves healthy and free from swine flu.

  • Wash hands frequently with soaps & sanitizer.
  • The virus can survive on the surface of tables, telephones, etc. At these times the virus remains inactive. You may touch these palaces and unknowingly keep the hand in your mouth or nose which paves way for the virus to entire your body and become significantly active.
  • If you are sick it is better to stay at home rather than going to school or office for work
  • Avoid going to places with large gatherings when swine flu is in season.

HOME REMEDIES TO PREVENT SWINE FLU:

There is no single step to cure the disease. Hence, you can take many steps at home to prevent swine flu and also to reduce the symptoms when you get to come in contact with the virus. Here are some steps:

  • Having sound sleep
  • Exercising regularly
  • Wash your hands often with soap or sanitizer
  • Manage stress levels
  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Eat a balanced & healthy diet
  • Refrain from touching places that may have viruses
  • Stay away from people who are sick
  • Avoid going to crowded places

HOW TO REDUCE THE SPREAD OF VIRUSES?

If at all you are infected with the virus, then it is necessary that you follow these steps to avoid the spread of the infection.

  • Avoid going to school or workplace
  • Limit your contact with other people
  • Cover your mouth with a tissue while sneezing or coughing.
  • Dispose of the used tissue immediately
  • Wash hands and face regularly
  • Keep the touched places clean and free from infections

For any further queries call our doctors @+918010555444  or visit our website www.freedoctorhelpline.com

sex therapy, sex therapist

Sex Therapy | Everything about your Healthy Sex Treatment!

What Occurs during Sex treatment? Sex treatment is a type of advising planned to encourage people and couples to settle sexual troubles, for example, execution tension or relationship issues. Clients do meet in the specialist’s office. Some go to sessions alone; others carry their join forces with them. Session recurrence and length more often than Read More

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Ayurveda

Term ayurveda means science of life, the word is taken from Sanskrit in which ayur = life and Veda = science, and it is derived from athrawa veda one of the four Veda according to Hindu religion. So ayurveda is the science of life which tells us about all the physiological activity of our life, Read More

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Tips to prevent Heart Disease in Women

Heart Disease / Cardiovascular Disease are a class of diseases that affects the heart and blood vessels many of which are related to a process called Atherosclerosis. Heart Diseases is the number one killer of women, learn how to protect yourself or someone you love. Start Healthy Habit now – Research indicates that women who Read More

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Erectile Dysfunction symptoms and treatment

Erectile Dysfunction| Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factor & Treatment

Erectile dysfunction or impotence is the inability to keep the erection firm throughout sex. If it arises from time to time then it isn’t a serious problem. However, if it is a persistent issue then it needs to be treated immediately as it causes stress and also affects one’s self-confidence. In most cases, finding the Read More

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Dr. Ashok Seth-Free Doctor Helpline

Dr. Ashok Seth

Cardiologist

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2 years ago Eye Care , Health , Medical

CATARACT SURGERY: TYPES, PROCESS & RISKS

WHAT IS CATARACT??

A cataract refers to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens which lies behind the iris and the pupil. It is the principal cause of blindness in the world and is most common in people of age 40 years and above.

There are 3 types of cataract:

  • SUBCAPSULAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs at the back of the eye. It is most common in people with diabetes or those taking high doses of steroid medication.
  • NUCLEAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs in the deep central zone of the lens. It occurs due to ageing.
  • CORTICAL CATARACT: This type of cataract begins in the periphery of the lens and slowly spreads towards the centre of the lens. It affects the cortex of the lens, which is the part of the lens that surrounds the central zone.

CATARACT- IS IT BECAUSE OF YOUR FAMILY, LIFESTYLE OR JUST BAD KARMA??

Our eye lens works very much like the camera, focusing light onto the retina for clear vision. It also adjusts the eye’s focus enabling us to view the things both close up and far away. The eye lens is made of water and certain other proteins that let light to pass through it. With ageing, some of the protein may clump together and cloud up over a small area. With time, the clouding up becomes larger and larger making it harder to see. This condition is called cataract.

Nobody is pretty sure why the eye lens changes with age resulting in the cataract. Researchers have eventually found out other risk factors that may lead to cataract. Some of which are:

There’s no concrete proof on what could reduce the risk of cataract. There is no harm in practising a healthy lifestyle that consists of a diet rich in nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and omega 3 fatty acids. Regular exercise and sound sleep also add on to your quality of life.

Though it seems to be terrific, it is something we needn’t worry a lot about! The advancements in the field of medicine have made it possible to cure the patients of cataract with help of surgeries.

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CATARACT SURGERY:

Cataract surgery is the process of removing the natural lens of the eye (crystalline lens) which is affected by cataract. During the cataract surgery, the patient’s cloudy lens is removed and is replaced with synthetic lens ensuring lens’s transparency. The synthetic lens replaced is otherwise called as INTRAOCULAR LENS (IOL). The cataract surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist.

There is two commonly preferred type of surgery for cataract. They are:

  • PHACOEMULSIFICATION
  • MANUAL SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY (MSICS):cataract, healthy eye

Phacoemulsification is the most commonly preferred method for cataract surgery. It involves the use of ultrasonic energy to emulsify the cataract lens. It comprises of 6 steps:

  • ANAESTHETIC: Using topical anaesthetic eye drops or subtenon injection, the eye is numbed.
  • CORNEAL INCISION: two cuts are made at the margins of the clear cornea that allows insertion of instruments into the eye.
  • CAPSULORHEXIS: With help of a needle or a pair of forceps, a circular hole is made in the capsule in which the lens is placed.
  • PHACOEMULSIFICATION: Ultrasonic energy is used to emulsify the lens into a liquid. The resulting emulsion is then “sucked away”.
  • IRRIGATION & ASPIRATION: The cortex, which is the outer layer of the cataract is sucked away. The fluid removed is continuously replaced with saline solution to prevent a collapse of the structure.
  • LENS INSERTION: A plastic, foldable lens is placed in the capsule which contains the natural lens. Along with this, an antibiotic is also injected into the eye to reduce the risk of infection.

Finally, salt water is injected into the corneal wounds, which cause the area to swell and seal the incision.

MANUAL SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY (MSICS): This technique is evolved from ECCE. The word “small” in the title refers to the wound being smaller than an ECCE, although it is larger than a PHACO wound.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO PERFORM A CATARACT?

If it is an uncomplicated surgery, then it will not take more than 10 minutes. Since the patient will be given anaesthetic while performing the surgery, it might take about 30 minutes to recover from the sedation.

HOW TO PREPARE YOURSELF FOR THE CATARACT SURGERY?

Before undergoing a cataract surgery you may be asked to do the following:

  • A week before the surgery, the doctor may take certain painless tests using ultrasonic energy to determine the size and shape of your eye.
  • You may be advised to stop certain medications at the time of your surgery as that might increase the risk of bleeding during the procedure.
  • You will be advised to use antibiotic eye drops to reduce the risk of infection.
  • You will be instructed to fast for 12 hours before your surgery.

RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS OF THE SURGERY:

A person suffering from cataract alone may not have many complications, but those who have other eye conditions such as uveitis, high myopia (severe short-sightedness). Less than 10% of the people have greater chances of developing PCO, within two to three years after the cataract surgery.

 POSTERIOR CAPSULE OPACIFICATION (PCO): it is the condition in which the lens capsule thickens thereby causing cloudy vision. This isn’t the cataract developing again, it is the skin or membrane growing over the artificial lens

Other complications are less common but to list a few, they are:

During the operation:

  • inability to remove all of the cataracts
  • tearing of the lens capsule
  • bleeding inside the eye
  • a bit of the cataract dropping into the back of the eye
  • damage to other parts of the eye, such as the transparent outer layer of the eye (cornea)

After the operation:

  • swelling or inflammation of the eye
  • swelling and redness (inflammation) in the eye
  • swelling of the retina- where the fluid builds up between the layers of the retina at the back of the eye. This may sometimes affect the vision.
  • Swelling of the cornea- where the fluid builds up in the corner at the front of the eye; it usually clears itself.
  • retinal detachment – a rare complication where the retina (the layer of nerve cells inside the back of the eye) becomes separated from the inner wall of the eye
  • infection in the eye – such as endophthalmitis (a rare bacterial infection)

It is important to seek medical advice if you experience any increasing pain in the eye or loss of vision or redness after the surgery. It is possible to treat these complications with further surgery.

There is also a small risk of around 1 in 1000 may experience permanent damage to the eye resulting in loss of vision. However, the majority of the people lead a happy life with improved vision after the surgery.

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